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  1. Whether the person being diagnosed is you or a loved one, the term breast cancer can be terrifying to hear. Learning more about the type of breast cancer you have can help you make better decisions about the therapies you use to win the fight against it. Considering medical marijuana card online as a treatment is one of the several possible therapies you can use. Marijuana has been proven to help individuals find relief from the side effects of cancer treatments, but it might also help treat the cancer itself. What is ER PR Breast Cancer? Breast cancer comes in several types, which differ in their aggressiveness, growth patterns, and receptor status. When an initial diagnosis of breast cancer is made, additional testing will be conducted to determine the type and stage of the cancer. During this testing, hormone receptors will be identified. ER and PR types of breast cancers are labeled depending on the receptors found in the cancer cells. ER refers to estrogen receptors and causes ER positive or negative breast cancer. PR refers to progesterone receptors and can be either PR positive or PR negative breast cancer. It is possible for both ER and PR to be positive or both to be negative. There can also be variations like ER positive PR negative breast cancer. The cancer’s ER/PR Status [1] can make a difference in the treatments and therapies used. Breast cancers that test positive for estrogen receptors or with breast cancer PR positive, hormone therapy and hormone-blocking treatments may be useful in treating cancer. When estrogen or progesterone receptors are not present, hormone therapy is not effective. ER PR positive breast cancer treatment will include hormone therapy along with typical treatments like surgical intervention and chemotherapy. Hormone therapy can provide an edge in these cases, which is why breast cancers that are negative for hormone receptors like these are especially aggressive and difficult to treat. Patients who suffer from non-ER or PR breast cancer may be the most difficult to treat. How Marijuana Affects Cancer and Cancer Side Effects Marijuana has been used as a medical treatment throughout history, being used to treat physical, mental, and emotional illness with well-documented success. Recently its benefits as a treatment [2] for various types of cancer and cancer-related side effects has been explored. Some patients and medical professionals have shown very promising results when adding cannabis to their cancer treatment plans. This is because cannabis contains compounds like THC and CBD that have been shown [5] to help reduce tumor growth, inhibit the growth of cancerous cells, and reduce the spread or metastasis of cancer throughout the body. This is because the chemical compounds in marijuana, also called cannabinoids, work within the body to improve the function of certain systems like the neurological and immune system. Marijuana and its related compounds have also been shown to help with the side effects associated with many common cancer treatments. It can help with the nausea and lack of appetite associated with chemotherapy and radiation treatments. It has also been shown to reduce pain and inflammation as well, which can help reduce discomfort associated with cancer and related therapies. Its pain-relieving capacity can help patients coping with painful tumors and post-surgical pain during recovery. Cannabis has also been linked to improving mood and reducing stress, which could make it easier to cope with the emotional effects of cancers like breast cancer. How Cannabis Interacts with Receptors in Breast Cancer To be useful in treating breast cancer, cannabis must improve its symptoms, destroy or inhibit the growth of cancer cells, or both. There is hope that marijuana can aid in both ways to truly relieve breast cancer. This is because cannabis may be able to interact with receptors in breast cancer. According to [2], research shows that cannabinoids can activate receptors in various parts of the body. This means it could be useful in triggering or turning off certain bodily functions, like the production of cancerous cells. Reported research on their site also shows that cannabis has been proven effective in symptom relief, including being recognized for relieving side effects like nausea, vomiting, and pain. Cannabis is not only effective at treating symptoms and complaints associated with breast cancer. Medical marijuana card online may also be able to aid in the treatment of specific types of breast cancer, including ER PR breast cancer and ER PR negative breast cancer. How Marijuana Can Relieve ER PR Breast Cancer Marijuana may help treatbreast cancer. Both THC and CBD have been shown to inhibit tumor growth [3] and aid in restoring the natural cycle of cell death. This was true in cases of breast cancer with estrogen positive markers. In fact, marijuana makes an effective ER PR positive breast cancer treatment because the same studies have shown it has helped kill off estrogen receptor positive cell lines. This means that marijuana compounds can also help relieve ER positive PR negative breast cancer because cannabinoids can target estrogen receptors that are found in breast cancer cells. How Marijuana Can Relieve ER PR Negative Breast Cancer Cannabinoids are also effective when used to treat ER negative and PR negative breast cancer. The presence of estrogen receptor cells in breast cancer is not necessary for cannabis to reduce tumor growth. THC and CBD are capable of killing estrogen negative cells [3]too. Cannabinoids can trigger cell death, reduce the amount of nutrients the tumor is capable of diverting from normal cells, and reduce the likelihood that breast cancer cells will spread by targeting non-estrogen receptors. The compounds in cannabis may effectively treat any type of breast cancer whether it is receptor positive or negative. How to Treat Breast Cancer with Marijuana When used as a treatment for cancers and side effects, marijuana can be inhaled or ingested. Current research indicates that inhalation is still one of the most effective ways to get the compounds into the bloodstream quickly. Pharmaceutical research has focused on isolating cannabinoid compounds and producing them synthetically. Currently, synthetic CBD and THC have been developed and are being tested in pill, liquid, and oral spray formats. At least three prescription drugs on the market in the U.S. today are made with medical marijuana card online compounds according to USA Roday [6]. In states where medicinal or recreational marijuana has been legalized, the production of highly concentrated cannabis oils is also being conducted, and that oil is becoming a common therapy method. As both receptor positive and receptor negative breast cancers have been shown to respond to treatments with medicinal marijuana, more and more research has been conducted to determine if it can be used to treat breast cancer. Some users have found treatment with a concentrated oil made of high-grade cannabis is an effective treatment when used post-surgery or in addition to treatments like chemotherapy. Proponents believe [4]the only reason that cancer would not respond to cannabinoid treatments is that a high enough grade or dose was not being used. This oil version of ingested therapy is the most popular, but additional research must be done to determine which delivery method is most effective for treating breast cancer. Why People with Breast Cancer are Choosing Cannabis as a Treatment People are choosing marijuana as a medical treatment with increasing frequency as it becomes more acceptable. Although popularity may have something to do with why more individuals with breast cancer are trying cannabis, there are numerous benefits that make it a growing choice for breast cancer patients. The primary motivator behind many who choose to add cannabis to their treatment plan is its ability to reduce common side effects of other treatments. Marijuana can help improve mood, reduce stress, combat pain from tumor growth and surgery, improve appetite, and reduce nausea and vomiting associated with treatments like chemotherapy. This makes treatments easier to manage, allowing doctors to more aggressively attack the cancer. The other reason so many breast cancer sufferers are trying cannabis as a treatment its recently documented ability to inhibit cancer cells. Even agressive breast cancers [5] have shown improvement when treated with marijuana. It can reduce cell growth, prevent tumors from diverting nutrients from healthy tissues, inhibit the spread of cancer, and trigger the death of cancerous cells. All while leaving surrounding healthy tissues unaffected. This is where cannabis treatments really differ from other common cancer therapies, which typically do harm to healthy tissues or disrupt other bodily systems. Marijuana attacks cancer cells while promoting overall health. This is why it is becoming a preferred treatment for breast cancer patients. Although a breast cancer diagnosis can be devastating, advances in our knowledge and use of medicinal marijuana leaves some hope. Breast cancer may have estrogen and progesterone receptors or it may not. Determining if a patient has ER or PR breast cancer has been an important first step in developing a cancer treatment plan. Adding cannabis to your cancer treatment plan can provide some benefit regardless of if your cancer is ER/PR negative or if the breast cancer PR positive. Inhaling or ingesting medical marijuana card online у as a cancer treatment can help with side effects or aid in reducing tumor size and spread. Because of its proven effectiveness, marijuana is being used by more and more breast cancer patients. References 1. Web-site An article “Hormone Status” URL: 2. Web-site An article “Cannabis PDQ” URL: 3. Web-site An article “Cannabis PDQ” Section 7. URL: 4. Web-site Live Saving Natural Cures and Natural Remedies An article “Cannabis oil as a breast cancer treatment estrogen positive.” URL: 5. Web-site An article “Cannabis may treat agressive forms of breat cancer” URL: 6. Web-site An article “Three drugs that come from marijuana” URL:
  2. What if I told you that increasing the potency of your favorite strains was as easy as hanging up a few 20 watt florescent lights? To good to be true? More like too true not to do. It turns out the same thing baking your skin at the beach can make prized buds swell with THC. Ultra-violet (UV) light has the power to turn a good strain into a real head-knocker. What Is UV Light? At this point you might be asking, "how is UV light different from normal light?" Even though humans can't see it, a good way to think of UV is to visualize a rainbow and pretend there is an extra color band past the blue and purple. All light is basically just waves of energy, and UV light is just like any other form of radiation. These waves wash over your plants at different frequencies (how many waves pass per second). UV light has a smaller gap between each wave than visible light, which means more waves are passing per second. This gives UV high energy, making it more like an X-ray than a radio wave. How Does UV Light Effect Marijuana Plants? But what does all this mean to your cannabis garden? To answer that, we need to investigate how UV light affects plants cells. Ultra-violet radiation, particularly UVB, has been shown to be detrimental to plant cell function. UV causes damage to plant cells in the same way it tears through your skin, eventually causing sunburn. As a result of this damage, all plants have created defenses against UV in the form of gene UVR8. UVR8 is a protein molecule which senses UV all by itself, and then "tells" plant cells to change their behavior. Exactly how UVR8 molecules sense UV was recently discovered and is pretty interesting. UVR8 is what chemists call a "dimer." which just means that it's made of two structurally similar protein subunits. When UV light hits the two protein subunits in UVR8, their charge weakens and they break apart. To help visualize this, imagine rubbing two balloons against one another. The balloons will stick together because of a static charge. Now imagine the balloons get rained on. The water takes the static charge with it and the two balloons fly apart. In this example, the balloons are the two protein subunits and the rain is UV light cascading down on the plant cell. After the protein subunits break apart, they head to the cell nucleus to deliver their information. More UV Can Mean More THC One of these changes caused by this information is very important in your cannabis garden. UV stress stimulates cannabis' production of chemicals via the phenylpropanoid pathway, specifically malonyl-CoA and phenylalanine. Why is this important? It's important because cannabis uses malonyl-CoA to make Olivtol, which it in turn uses to make THC. Now we can see the specific pathway which cannabis uses to increase potency when exposed to UV light. UV light is already present in your garden, but it's being blocked by the special glass your bulb is made of. Lamp manufacturers must use this type of glass by law because UV light can cause skin cancer when humans are overexposed. You wouldn't want everyone getting cancer from street lights would you? You can increase the amount of UV getting to your cannabis by mixing metal halide bulbs into your bloom room and leaving the glass off your air-cooled hoods. But a better and safer way is to buy and install cheap fluorescent UV lights. Remember, UV light causes stress to the plant, so put the fluorescents on timers and only have them on for part of the light cycle. Having them on for fifteen minutes of every hour should do the trick. The only downside of this whole process is that yields go down slightly. The plant has to reroute resources and undergoes some physical damage from the UV. As long as you don't overdo the UV the increase in quality is well worth the decrease in yield. Source:
  3. Found a video recently regarding medical marijuana grow lighting square wave low frequency digital ballasts compared to high frequency digital ballasts for hydroponics medical marijuana grow lighting. Square Wave, Low Frequency VS High Frequency Digital Ballasts Interesting video though.... Please let me know you views on the same!!!
  4. Ingredients: 2 tablespoons cannabis butter or oil 1 cup sugar 1/2 cup corn syrup 1 pinch of salt 1/4 cup water 3/4 cup peanuts 1 teaspoon baking soda Set aside a large greased baking sheet. In a large sauce pan, on medium heat, bring the sugar, corn syrup, salt and water to a boil. Once boiling, stir in the peanuts. Stir continuously. With a cooking thermometer, monitor the temperature until it reaches 300 degrees F. Remove from heat and stir in the cannabis butter or oil and the baking soda. Immediately pour mixture onto the baking sheet. With forks or spatulas shape mixture into a large rectangle and allow it to cool. Once cooled break the rectangle into pieces and enjoy. Read More: Pot Peanut Brittle Recipe
  5. Marijuana apps for iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch and Android Devices. As the medical marijuana community continues to grow, they seem to embrace new mobile trends. There are a host of customized mobile applications which are compatible with Android or iOS and facilitate marijuana growers. You can use these apps on your smartphone to get updates on marijuana. Cannapedia Cannapedia is an intuitive and highly interactive marijuana strain guide developed specifically for the medical marijuana community. This is one of the popular medical cannabis strain guides available on the market and helps patients browse through a database of medical cannabis strains. This app is constantly upgrade.d Some of the new features recently added are: - Send or receive messages with all the registered users. The data is 100% confidential. - Receive push notifications for new messages and replies. - Browse offline (iTunes & Google Play / Free) Grow Buddy A must have apps for all MMJ growers; Grow Buddy helps medical marijuana growers track all aspects of marijuana growing in your garden. This app is continually updated and has innovative and useful features like charts for pH, temperature, EC/TDS/PPM, height, humidity, and light distance monitoring. It allows you to take pictures, notes, create feeding schedules, and essentially everything that is required to have a successful marijuana indoor garden. (Google Play / Free - $3.57) Weed Cookbook It is a compendium of more than 45 delicious marijuana recipes approved by cannabis cooks and marijuana experts. This app can be your resource for cooking with cannabis, ranging from an occasional brownie or a cookie to incorporating cannabis in your day to day diet. Some of the popular recipes included in this app are Weed Tea, Canna Coffee Milkshake, Mac & Cheese, Stuffed Pepper Supreme, Green Eggs & Ham, Weed Omelets, and Cajun Seafood Pasta. This app gets periodically updated with new recipes and you can easily enjoy these scrumptious edible marijuana recipes by downloading this app today. (iTunes & Google Play / $.99) Weed Strains 3D+ If you are looking for a particular weed strain for pain relief or depression, then this comprehensive marijuana resource with over 113,000 reviews on more than 10,000 marijuana strains can provide information and help you to choose the appropriate weed strain. If you are new to the cannabis world, this app can help you to understand the basics of marijuana growing and the differences between different strains like Indica, Sativa, Hybrids and Ruderalis. You can also chat with the other users or send them personal messages. You can even get 360° views of some of the popular flower strains. You can search for new strains from a huge database of weed strains and add them to your personal library. (iTunes & Google Play / $3.99) Cannabis News Pro This app brings you the latest in the world of marijuana, and allows you to share these news stories to your friends. With this interactive app, you don’t need to scour the internet to get updates on cannabis. It educates you on cannabis and keeps you updated on various topics related to Marijuana Policy, NORML, Cannabis Culture, 420 magazine etc. You can post these news stories on Facebook as well. (iTunes / $2.99) Strains Pro "The Most Popular iPhone App in San Francisco" helps you gather information on marijuana or search for cannabis strains from a database of more than 300+ strains. You can even tag, color code and categorize different strains, even by seed breeder. It is optimized for both iPhone and iPad, with hi-res images, and the latest version integrates Twitter and Facebook. (iTunes / $2.99) Click Here For Even More MMJ Smartphone Apps Original Source:
  6. Why hate on the hydroponics marijuana males? The rise of feminized seeds and cloning is a sure sign that a lot of us who grow marijuana dislike male marijuana plants. But I am here to tell you that male marijuana plants are valuable…because they help you breed your very own strains of marijuana. Why would you want to breed your very own strains of marijuana when there are hundreds of strains for sale? Here are some reasons: Save money (the best marijuana seeds for sale can cost $200 or more for ten seeds) Avoid problems with shipping, ordering and security risks when you order marijuana seeds online Get into the marijuana seed business and make money Be sure of what you’re smoking Control your own genetics and tailor them to exactly what you want. Of these, this last feature could be the most important: by breeding your own marijuana strains cannabis seeds you create seeds that give you the effects you want. There’s a lot more to breeding cannabis than just the generic process outlined below, and later on in this article I’m going to tell you about a marijuana breeding book that has a huge amount of useful info, but this will get you started: Get the best marijuana non-feminized marijuana seeds possible, of the strains you like the most. Sprout your medical marijuana seeds. Monitor plants closely to see which ones have the most favorable growth and structure. Flip to 12-hour light cycle when plant development is appropriate for it. Within two weeks you’ll see some plants developing male flowers and some developing female flowers. Take a look at the videos embedded in this article, which give you a visual guide to recognizing male and female flowers, and other seed-breeding tips. Select the most desirable males; isolate them in a separate 12-hour grow room so they can’t contaminate your females. Ensure there are no vectors that allow inadvertent pollen transfer from your male room to any female plants. Place black poly plastic under your male plants; that makes it easier to look for pollen, which shows up as a yellow powder. When your male plants are producing pollen, bring a small, dry, sterile, shallow, wide-mouth glass or plastic container into your room. Place the container under ripe male flowers and tap the flowers lightly so that the pollen falls into the container. Do this until you have as much pollen as you can get. If you’ve planned properly, your female flowers will be ready to pollinate at the same time your male flowers are ripe. Male flowers tend to produce pollen slightly ahead of when female flowers first ripen enough to be pollinated. After you’ve collected pollen, seal the container it’s in and place the container in the top half of a refrigerator. After being in a pollen room or handling pollen, change clothes and take a shower before you enter your female plants’ grow room (pollen easily travels on clothes, shoes, hair and skin). Choose lower branches on prime female plants for pollination. If necessary, use paper or plastic to temporarily and loosely wrap adjacent branches to prevent inadvertent pollination of the entire plant. Use a small, new, clean artist’s paintbrush (size numbers 3-5) to dip into the pollen. Lightly apply pollen to all bud surfaces, as deep as you can go into the bud without damaging it. Label your branches or plant pots with identifying language such as: “Haze crossed with Northern Lights†Keep grow room air movement to a minimum for at least one hour after pollination. At the end of the hour, and before removing protective coverings from adjacent unpollinated branches, very lightly move the pollinated branches to shake off excess pollen and to further embed pollen into your flowers. Remove protective coverings, being careful not to distribute stray pollen as you do so. Take a shower; put on fresh clothes after any work with pollen before you go back into a female plants’ grow room. If your pollination session has been successful, you’ll soon see seeds swelling up in your buds and those seeds will be ripe 4-8 weeks from pollination, depending on the strain you’re breeding. Let your buds develop all the way to harvest and then remove the seeds after you’ve harvested, using tweezers and being gentle. Remove any leaf or other green covering material from your seeds. Let them dry for a few days in a dark, aerated, clean place with 75F temperature and low humidity. Store them in a sealed, clean glass jar in the top half of your refrigerator. Here are fundamental tips to provide you a good foundation for breeding medical marijuana seeds: Let females grow all the way to harvest and test the dried and cured medical marijuana, and then rejuvenate the females, so you make sure you’re pollinating the best females. If you want to breed a medical marijuana variety with itself, don’t buy feminized seeds: you won’t get any males (no pollen). Using regular unfeminized seeds, ratios of female to male is usually about 60-40 in favor of females. Turn off all aeration fans and venting fans before you work with pollen. Properly-bred, harvested and stored seeds remain viable 1-5 years after harvest under optimum conditions. Grow out your new seeds as soon as possible to see how viable they are, and to test their growth characteristics and high. Making your own marijuana seeds can be as simple as what I talked about earlier. You just grow out some male plants and female plants, collect pollen, put it on the female flowers, and you’ve got your own seeds. But if you really want do to it right, get Greg Green’s “The Cannabis Breeder’s Bible.†This book is expressly designed to teach you how to become a professional cannabis breeder and entrepreneur, and it covers topics you would never figure out on your own. The book acquaints you with the mysterious marijuana seed breeders’ lingo, such as “F1,†and “backcrossing,†“true-breeding,†and “genotypes.†You get a basic but complete look at how genes and chromosomes work, and what kinds of marijuana strains should be bred together, and which ones are so different from each other that you can’t count on the resulting seeds to be stable or predictable. You also learn how to recognize and select the many characteristics that are particular to marijuana strains, but not so dominant in the strains you already like. You might want a fast-growing, short, stocky plant, but you also want that plant to be good outdoors in a moldy climate. Or you don’t care so much about how fast your crop grows or matures, but you want a heavy yield and an uplifting high. Greg Green guides you through the process of breeding for marijuana traits that usually don’t come together in one strain, kind of like choosing which notes you play on a piano, to make your own THC music. The color photos in The Cannabis Breeder’s Bible are inspiring; many of them come from Paradise Seeds, a major Dutch seed breeder. We can only hope to have the unlimited greenhouse and outdoor space that the commercial seed breeders have. Green points out that the more plants you have, and especially the more carefully-selected mothers and high-value males you have, the bigger the menu of traits you can pick from. With useful detours into useful topics such as “tissue culture,†“advanced breeding principles,†and how to protect your plants from diseases and pests, Breeder’s Bible goes beyond the basics. I predict you’ll especially like Green’s explanation of the marijuana seed business: how you can become a seed seller, how you protect your seeds from people who try to use them to copy your strains, how to do business in the seedy marijuana seed industry. As with other books from Green Candy Press, this must-have hydroponics marijuana seed breeding book is professionally bound, edited, illustrated, and organized. And while it’s true that you can follow my pollen to female flower advice in this article above, and produce seeds that’ll grow well for you, professional growers know from personal experience that investing in hydroponics marijuana literature is a sure way to increase your knowledge so you grow your heaviest, kindest, most valuable buds ever! Original Article:
  7. Organic growing among medical marijuana growers has expanded in popularity for many reasons. Organic gardening is better for the planet, the grower and the patient who will ultimately be consuming the medicine. Some growers, myself included, choose organic gardening methods because we believe it produces a superior product. New labeling and certifications on nutrients and mediums have made strict organic growing for the medical marijuana farmer much easier than just a few years ago. Here are a few things to look at in your garden to see how organic you really are. Searching For Organic Soil Many of the potting soils available are not 100% organic. In fact, most potting soils contain chemical nutrients and/or wetting agents. This is especially true of less expensive soils for sale at local hardware or home improvement stores. Many companies are paying to be “certified organic” by organic certification companies. These will appear on the label as CCOF or OMRI or USDA Certified. It is important to remember that it doesn’t necessarily mean the product is not organic just because a company does not have an organic certification. Paying a yearly certification fee for some smaller manufacturers is just not practical so some opt to forgo the certification process. If the packaging claims a product is organic but there is no certification then examine the label closely. Contacting the manufacturer may be the best way to find out exact ingredients and their methods of processing. Organic soils will have only organic ingredients. For example, a soil that has its ingredients listed as peat moss, worm castings, gypsum, perlite and coco coir is an organic soil. An example of a non-organic soil would be one that lists its ingredients as peat moss, perlite, coco coir, worm castings, gypsum, added starter nutrient charge derived from calcium nitrate, mono-potassium phosphate, etc. In fact, any soil or medium that has an added fertilizer or nutrient charge listed on its packaging is not organic. Finding Organic Hydroponic Nutrients As with soil, the best way to ensure you are getting organic nutrients is to look for an organic certification. Only very small companies may have organic products that are not certified organic. Any major fertilizer company, regardless of the product description, that isn’t certified by an organic certification company should be considered not organic. Many of these companies are almost organic but use certain chemical compounds that will not let them pass organic certification. Most commonly, fertilizer companies claim to be organic but they contain potassium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, and calcium carbonate. These compounds are not certifiable as organic and this is why fertilizers that contain them, even though the company labels them as organic, are not really organic. Smaller companies that claim to be organic may very well be just that. Carefully read the label to make sure the ingredients are organic. If you can’t pronounce an ingredient, it’s probably not organic. A quick call to the manufacturer can place your mind at ease if there is a questionable ingredient. Organic Pesticides Much Be Certified For this category trust only companies that have undergone the organic certification process to be truly organic. Also, remember that just because it’s organic doesn’t mean that it is safe to breath or consume. Read directions carefully before applying any insecticide or fungicide to your garden. Although you do not have to grow organically to produce a quality medicine, growing medical marijuana organically is a way to ensure your patients are receiving safe medicine without any harmful chemical residues. Are You Really Growing Organically?
  8. So you get to the end of bloom phase and in the how to grow marijuana world, the work’s just beginning! Because you can do everything right up the moment of harvesting your marijuana, but if the harvesting, drying and curing are wrong, you lose some of what you worked so hard to grow. We talked before about knowing WHEN to harvest your marijuana. It’s all about the resin glands, you examining them with a magnifier to see when they’ve reached their peak and are starting to decline. Today we’re talking about HOW to harvest. Some marijuana harvesting ideas are not one size fits all. I will try to stick to the ones that are the most useful for all of us: Your resin glands are like eggshells containing THC. Handle with care. You are a THC farmer. Sure there are other cannabinoids and unique compounds also important in your buds, but what’s in your resin glands is where the gold mine is, and the gold is THC. If you handle your marijuana crop wrong at any time during bloom or after, you break resin glands. The THC is then exposed to air, and it degrades to uselessness. In all harvesting procedures, treat your buds with respect. Treat ‘em like they’re fragile, because they are. Never harvest after your buds have been rained on or foliar-sprayed. If you’re an outdoor grower and you have to take your marijuana down in the rain, as soon as possible get it out of bags, hanging up to dry, in a place with lots of air circulation and for the first 24 hours very low humidity (below 45%). Shake the branches gently and get as much of that water out of there as possible. Look at your marijuana crop closely before you decide how to harvest, paying attention to bud spacing, leaf ratio and other factors that will influence how you manicure the crop. If you have marijuana plants with solid wall to wall buds from top to bottom and very few leaves sticking out of the buds, you can manicure on the plant, then cut the main stalk and hang the whole plant to dry. If you have a high leaf to calyx ratio, or your plants are too big to cut whole and hang whole, you may want to harvest individual branches. Take a while before you decide to manicure on the plant, off the plant, or a combination of both. Harvesting is hard on the fingers, wrists, and hands, so if you analyze your harvesting situation ahead of time, you’ll save yourself some pain. Trim close to the bud to get rid of all leaves that are not totally coated with resin glands. Make your buds tight and clean, just like you like them. Wear gloves while you trim, or you’ll end up with a transdermal high, skin irritation, eye irritation. Clean your scissors so you save the gooey glands building up on them, otherwise known as scissors hash. This can be almost as good as bubblehash. Have a receptacle to save all “excess” leaves, trim and other debris so you can make bubblehash. Have magnifier lighting, strong overall harvest room lighting, and odor-cleansed room venting as you harvest. Keep your doors locked and your ears open for sounds of intruders or unexpected visitors of any kind. Keep pets, children, debris, cigarettes out of your harvest area. Use professional harvesting gear such as sharp scissors that are clean and have never been used for anything but marijuana. Some people like machine bud trimmers. I’m not a big fan of them; I believe they handle the buds too roughly. However if you are a large-scale commercial grower, you may have to use something like what you see in this video… Don’t hire or use other people to help you harvest unless you absolutely have to. I’ve heard dozens of stories about harvest helpers ripping off or narking the grower. As with all security problems, most marijuana rip-offs or busts start when someone knows you’re growing, and they use it against you. The rule is: the less people who know you grow, the better it is for you. As soon as you cut your whole stalk or branches, have a clean, aerated, dry, safe, temperature-controlled dark place to hang your buds in. I’ll spend the next how to grow marijuana article lining out the ideal environment and infrastructure that you want your buds to dry, cure, and store in so you get the most aroma, taste, value and THC out of them. Source:
  9. Don't have a ticket to Barcelona for Spannabis 2013? Big Buds and Advanced Nutrients will take you there from the comfort of your own home by live streaming all of the exciting action taking place Feb 15-17. Come back to this page on the day of the event to all the happenings at the Advanced Nutrient's booth, including presentations by master growers Erik Biksa, Remo the Urban Grower and Brown Dirt Warrior. There will also be appearances by Advanced Nutrients co-founder "Big Mike" Straumietis, sexy AN booth girls, and lots and lots of delicious THC-filled Spanish cannabis to make your mouth water. The schedule for all the events is below, so set your alarm clock (warning, Spain is nine hours ahead for West Coast growers), and get ready to virtually travel to Spannabis 2013. SPANNABIS 2013 LIVESTREAM HIGHLIGHTS (all times are Barcelona local time) Friday 22nd 11:00 AM Advanced Nutrients Calendar Girl Borisa Signing 11:30 AM Big Mike Giveaway 1:30 PM Erik Biksa - How To Get Bigger More Consistent Buds 2:30 PM Big Mike Giveaway 3:00 PM Urban Grower Video Segment Shoot 4:00 PM Big Mike Giveaway 4:30 PM Brown Dirt Warrior Booth Appearance 6:30 PM Big Mike Giveaway Saturday 23rd 11:00 AM Advanced Nutrients Calendar Girl Borisa Signing 11:30 AM Big Mike Giveaway 2:30 PM Big Mike Giveaway 3:00 PM Urban Grower Video Segment Shoot 4:00 PM Big Mike Giveaway 4:30 PM Brown Dirt Warrior Booth Appearance 6:30 PM Big Mike Giveaway Saturday 23rd 11:00 AM Advanced Nutrients Calendar Girl Borisa Signing 11:30 AM Big Mike Giveaway 2:30 PM Big Mike Giveaway 4:00 PM Big Mike Giveaway 4:30 PM Deonna Marie Booth Appearance 6:30 PM Big Mike Giveaway Source :
  10. Want to grow some personal medicine, but don't have an extra room in the house? Grow in your closet! For years, medical marijuana smokers have taken what little space they have and produced killer buds. With just a few tips and tricks you can join their ranks in no time. Making Good Use of Your Space Closet grows can be as small as 1 x 1 x 3 feet or as large as a walk-in. Either way, when using an area like a closet or crawlspace you must plan your grow well. Slapping together a few pots and a light for your girls just won't get the job done. If your area has a height of at least a 6 feet you can split the area into two sections, top (4-feet tall) and bottom (2-feet tall). One section for vegetative growth, and a second section for blooming your girls. Make sure the shelf you install to separate the areas is "light-tight," meaning no light from one section leaks into the other. Light leaks can ruin cannabis gardens! If you have a semi-large area, like a walk-in closet, you can cut the room in half rather than top and bottom. Having separate areas for bloom and vegetative growth will allow you perpetually harvest by cutting and then replacing one small plant every week or two. If you only have a very small area, you will have to both grow and bloom under the same light. When vegging and blooming in the same space gardeners can only harvest once every couple of months or so. Using strains which "auto-flower" (bud at a specific age) are a crafty choice for limiting harvest times these situations. Picking the Right Equipment Most indoor gardeners prefer high intensity discharge lamps like HPS and MH for their girls because they emit enough energy to produce a bounty of gooey THC-filled nuggets. HIDs also emit a lot of heat. For this reason, only the smallest wattages (150-250) can be used in closet grows, and even then, they must be heavily ventilated to prevent problems. LED and T5 florescent lights are a much smarter choice in this situation. They both produce more light and less heat per watt than the more powerful HIDs. Look for LED and T5 setups with thin/low-profile shapes to minimize the space they take up. I would suggest using a moderate T5 system for the vegetative section, and as powerful an LED light you can find for bloom. Ventilating you closet grow is an absolute must! Heat can build-up amazingly fast in small areas, which will kill your prized buds in no time. In-line fans are the preferred choice not only for their efficiency and stealth, but also their ability to easily connect to odor killing devices like carbon filters. You can also use L-shaped blowers and just regular fans if you have small, low-watt systems, but I don't recommend them because they're loud and inefficient. This is one of those areas where a grower gets what they pay for, and if they've paid for a Baddass Blower from Advanced Nutrients they'll be happy indeed. Picking the Right Strain Picking the right strain is always important, but closet growers have more to consider when it comes to the genetics they choose. Choose a strain which is described by the breeder as having little or no "stretch." This usually refers to the amount of bare space on the stem between buds, called internode spacing. In general, Indica strains from northern climates provide the shortest and quickest flowering cannabis. Plants with significant amounts of Sativa (unless bred specifically to be small) should be avoided because they will get too big for your space. Make sure to take a look at "auto-flower" strains because many of them have been specifically bred for closet grows. Source:
  11. Medical marijuana growers know the importance of getting fresh air to their plants. Without it, plants quickly become sickly, stop growing and get taken by disease. Savvy indoor growers looking to push their girls to the limit use supplemental CO2. CO2 is a gas used by plants during photosynthesis. Photosynthesis, in turn, produces all the energy plants need to function. So it makes sense that increasing the concentration of CO2 around the plant should increase its rate of growth. Sure enough, studies and first-hand experience confirm adding CO2 can significantly boost growth. Still, many people I've encountered over the years first insist that adding CO2 didn't increase their growth at all. After talking with these good folks and walking them through a checklist, each one was eventually able to realize the full benefits of CO2. Combating this problem can be tricky, but if you follow this checklist you'll be harvesting thicker, heavier, bigger buds in no time. GROWING PLANTS NEED MORE NUTES - Plants should take in more water and nutrients after CO2 is added. Expect to change out your reservoirs and water buckets more often. Plants that grow faster drink more water and need more food. Even experienced growers can have trouble with this step due to the potential for nutrient burn. The question is, "if adding more than I'm using now will burn them, how can I add more food?" This is why people use nutrient supplements. Adding more than the recommended dosage of a main nutrient, like Iguana Juice or Sensi A/B, can cause too high a concentration of micro-nutrients which burn plant roots. Products like Overdrive, Big Bud and Kushy Kush are specifically formulated to give CO2 pumped plants the extra boost they need without causing toxic nutrient levels. INCREASE PPM - For high-performance, indoor CO2 should be raised to between 1000-1500PPM.Rural CO2 is typically between 300-450 PPM (Parts Per Million). Ambient CO2 in cities is usually between 500-650 PPM. There are many ways to achieve higher CO2 concentrations, including tank/regulator, gas burners, chemical, and even fungus. Consult your local hydro-store employee for advise on which method would be best for your space/budget. YOU NEED MORE LIGHT - You need at least 40 watts of per square foot to see benefits from CO2, preferably 60w/ft². This refers to light coming from intense sources such as Metal Halide or High Pressure Sodium. Fluorescent and low-output LED’s don't produce enough light intensity to require higher levels of CO2. Badass Bulbs from AN are a truly intense, consistent source of light and will make sure your CO2 is doing it's job. RAISE THE TEMPERATURE - Temperatures should be increased 0.7°F per 100PPM increase in CO2.If your ambient CO2 is 400 and you raise it to a steady 1400, you want to increase the temperature by 7°F. Temperature and CO2 intake are directly related in almost all higher plants, particularly cannabis. In high CO2 conditions, sometimes plants' ability to photosynthesize exceeds their ability to "sweat" water. In these cases it is helpful to give cannabis supplemental carbohydrates like Bud Candy. Not only will it make your girls smell and taste their best, but it will ensure your plants are using all that CO2. AIR CIRCULATION IS CRITICAL - Make sure the CO2 is getting to your girls! Make sure the CO2 you're adding to the room is making direct contact with your plants' vegetation. First, make sure your air system is setup such that the CO2 stays in the garden. Their should not be a large exhaust fan in the main room, unless it's setup on a timer with the CO2 system. Oscillating fans are a good way to make sure that the CO2 is contacting leaves directly. CO2 is heavier than air so it falls downward. Use this fact to your advantage and place CO2 emitters directly above plants. Source:
  12. Soil is "old faithful," but hydroponics get amazing results. When starting to grow medical marijuana, one of the first, and most important, decisions you must make is whether to grow in soil or a hydroponic system. Read the complete article to find what's the Ideal choice for Growing Medical Marijuana:
  13. A relatively untapped market exists within the medical marijuana industry, encompassing those of us who need to smoke, but also want to know that when we medicate we are not making our health even worse. There are a variety of toxins that may be in our medicine, depending on who grows it and what kind of products they use. Pesticide exposure (and especially inhalation) can cause anything from mild or moderate irritation to nervous system or reproductive problems, and many chemicals used in pesticides are known carcinogens. We recently covered a chemical called Paclobutrazol (known by many as "Paclo") which is popping up around the growing community because of its ability to keep plants short and compact. Paclo, however, is an incredibly harmful substance that has no business in our lungs. Many smokers swear by vaporizers as the healthiest way to medicate because they allegedly burn off only the active chemicals, allowing us to inhale just the stuff we want. However, many folks don't like the taste of vaporized cannabis, and others question whether vaporizing is truly the healthiest option that we can develop. Enter Scientific Inhalations, a California company that focuses on making it as safe as possible for everyone to medicate or smoke tobacco without also inhaling anything that may have been used during the growing process. Their innovative multi-step filtration method, featuring organic cotton and virgin coconut carbon, may just be the most effective ever invented, and their signature product, the McFinn's Original Triple-Filtered Water Pipe, looks like something straight out of the future. Victor Gallicchio, owner of Scientific Inhalations, took some time out of his busy schedule to talk to us about their products, their industry-shaking filtration system, and pipe-making in America. Big Buds: Your premier pipe, featuring the innovative filtration system, is called McFinn's Original. Who is McFinn? Victor Gallicchio: McFinn is friend of ours who came into the shop a long time ago, and he had worked with cancer patients. He worked the hospice program for about 30 years. He also was stricken with a pretty good disease and was in a wheelchair, but he was always donating a lot of time to cancer patients. He came into the shop and said "I have this thing, and I want to work with patients and help them to get a better inhalation [while medicating]." He had a kind of contraption, and we made a piece for him; it was to help someone who didn't have very good dexterity to bring medicine to himself a lot easier by putting a glass device on a plastic hose. That relationship developed into us trying to help him pioneer his new concept [for filtration], and we slowly took his idea of the organic coconut carbon, and the organic cotton, and put it together in a glass device. We debuted it about two years ago down in Las Vegas and then we started really developing it. BB: You have an amazingly unique filtration system. Can you tell me more about it? VG: We always knew it had a better inhalation, but we didn't know exactly why; so we decided to go to an independent consulting firm that was state of the art, and a couple doctors at Deep Green recommended a company down in LA, and they actually said, "you gotta show this to them and get this analyzed." We worked with the Werc Shop down in LA, and the first thing we went after was the carbon: what does the carbon do? We know it takes out some of the creosotes and the oils because the water is always cleaner when using [carbon filters in] a water device. And so they did a study of a smoking device with water, without water; with carbon filters and without carbon filters, and we published that. Then we said "okay, what is the cotton doing?" And they analyzed the cotton. BB: What other kinds of things do your filters remove from smoke that other smoking devices do not? VG: Well, you always have to say, "what is the government standard," when doing these kinds of tests, and there is no government approved standard for what constitutes mold. Then I thought, well, I know that growers need to make sure there's no bugs. You either have no bugs because there are none to begin with, or because you are using some kind of spray, like a pesticide. So Werc Shop went in and picked a bunch of chemicals off the shelf that anybody could buy -- I think there's 15 or 18 known chemicals -- and they had standards for those, and then they did a study with their mass spectrometer, and they found that we captured about 75 to 100 percent in that organic cotton. Werc Shop is actually in the process of publishing their study in a medical journal, so they have to redo it a little bit to just double-verify it and word it in the way so that the medical society would want it done. That will hopefully be published by the end of the year. We are waiting for them to finish this study because everybody says that vaporizing is the way to go because we only burn off and inhale the THC. Well, maybe we should do some research and find out about those 18 chemicals that we could get right off the shelf, what temperature are they burning off at? Are they burning off too at a lower temperature than the plant material? I don't know if [advocates of vaporizing] have really even done a study to verify their stand. What else is burning off with the THC? (The initial results of these studies are available on the Scientific Inhalations website and they are quite persuasive). BB: Can you tell me more about the materials you use for filtration, the organic coconut carbon and organic cotton? VG: We wanted to use organic hemp but nobody would give us certification that it was not being processed with chemicals. The organic cotton we use is a very high grade organic cotton used in the cosmetic industry, and it is certified organic. We get people on the blogs and the websites saying, "Why buy this when I can go down to the aquarium store and buy carbon?" Well, when you look at those products there is a little label that says that [aquarium-grade carbon] can be cancer causing. So McFinn did a bit of research and found the organic coconut carbon. BB: So, what initially inspired you to start making smoke wear? VG: When we started out we really just wanted to be just a different kind of glass company. Most of us have been doing scientific glassblowing for most of our lives and a lot of that has gone offshore to cheaper places, so when we got laid off and started out we were making pipes for one of the big five companies, and then we just wanted to create our own line of them and find a small niche. We realized that we had too much creativity to be just copying somebody else's design. Then, once McFinn came in, and we saw his passion to try to bring a cleaner inhalation to people who are concerned about their health, it really transformed the company to say "this is what we want to do." We quit building pipes for the other company and we put all of our effort into healthy inhalation. A lot of medicinal smokers would rather not have to smoke anyway, so let's at least make sure that we inhale our medicine the healthiest way that we can. Harborside, one of the big dispensaries in the Oakland area, took on our product and they just adore this kind of scientific study. There are a lot of people who are in this for the real movement; for the medical side of cannabis. BB: It seems like a lot of stores carry your products, but they are not available online. What kind of options are open for those of us who want to purchase some of your products? VG: I always wanted to sell direct to the public, but you have to make a decision over whether to do retail or wholesale, and we chose to deal with the retailers. We try to support them by going to the shows, and we have about 400-500 stores in the U.S. and Canada that carry our product. We've even sold to stores in Japan and Australia. We sell products in a variety of price ranges, so we can reach the greatest range of customers, and we constantly hear back from our stores about prices so that we can adjust ours. But we are in America, I have American labor, American insurance. I have benefits. It's always hard to compete with what can be brought in from overseas. For more information about Scientific Inhalations and their products Click here: Scientific Inhalations
  14. What do the Netherlands, Washington state, and Colorado have in common? Voters in all three places made major marijuana decisions in recent months, that’s what. Washington and Colorado “legalized” marijuana. For marijuana smokers who’ve long seen Holland’s cannabis coffeeshops and marijuana seed shops as prime destinations, September, 2012 elections in Holland brought especially good news… The inside story is that conservative Dutch politicians have spent the last ten years trying to cripple Holland’s cannabis coffeeshop industry. Conservatives also attacked another legendary Dutch tourist attraction—Amsterdam’s famed Red Light legal-prostitution district. Take a look at Borat having fun in the Red Light: Since 2001, Dutch government policies reduced the number of marijuana coffeeshops nationwide by several thousand, and helped get foreigners banned from cannabis shops in several Dutch border cities. In 2012, the federal government’s ruling conservative majority announced official plans to ban foreigners from cannabis shops nationwide, effective January 1, 2013. Their plans included a “weedpass” issued only to a handful of Dutch citizens. To get the pass, citizens would have to provide copious amounts of personal identity data. Without a weedpass, not even Dutch citizens could buy cannabis at cannabis shops. Not only that, but Dutch cannabis shops would have been turned into “members-only clubs” limited to 2,000 members each. This would have reduced the total number of “legal” cannabis buyers to well below the actual number of cannabis shop customers in Holland. The anti-marijuana goals were to arbitrarily limit the number of coffeeshop patrons, and cripple Holland’s marijuana industry. Coffeeshop owners feared the new policies would put them out of business. The weedpass identity requirements were similar to privacy-invading regulations in Colorado’s marijuana industry. Dutch cannabis smokers viewed the weedpass idea with disdain, noting that adults aren’t required to get a special pass to buy alcohol at bars. During the 2001-2012 period of right-wing, anti-marijuana dominance at the federal government level, Dutch marijuana growers saw sharp attacks on their privacy, as police used aggressive, unprecedented drug war tactics such as informant rewards, to ferret out and bust indoor cannabis grow ops. Conservative politicians enacted regulatory changes based on their view that cannabis is a “dangerous drug.” These regulations made it harder for cannabis coffeeshops to stay in business. In the run-up to Holland’s 2012 elections, the Dutch cannabis community came together to turn cannabis coffeeshops, the weedpass, and cannabis freedom into potent political issues. Cannabis shops and other cannabis activists reminded voters that the Dutch cannabis “soft drugs tolerance policy” is unique, and has been seen as an intelligent alternative to cannabis prohibition. They also pointed out that marijuana tourists and growers add hundreds of millions of dollars to the Dutch economy every year. When the 2012 Dutch elections were over, the conservatives had again won a federal governing majority, but pro-cannabis activism helped elect more candidates from moderate parties that opposed the weedpass proposal…so the conservatives had less power than before. Around the same time that High Times was holding its 25th annual Cannabis Cup in Amsterdam in November, 2012, Holland’s new justice minister announced that the federal weedpass plan would not move forward. This means foreigners will continue to still be able to visit cannabis coffeeshops in Amsterdam and most other Dutch cities. But the Dutch cannabis movement still has a long way to go: when the justice minister announced that the feds were abandoning the weedpass idea, he also encouraged “local authorities” to regulate the cannabis industry. And he reminded Holland that conservatives are still pushing a long-standing proposal to prohibit cannabis shops from selling connoisseur, high-potency marijuana. Justice Minister Ivo Opstelten says cannabis with more than 15% THC is so strong that it can no longer be considered a “soft drug.” He groups high-THC marijuana with heroin and cocaine, claiming high-THC cannabis causes addiction and mental problems. Opstelten didn’t set a date for when the proposed high-THC ban could go into effect, but coffeeshop owners, marijuana growers, medical marijuana backers, health advocates, and civil liberties activists reject the proposal. “Opstelten’s proposal would harm the country’s health, and assist organized crime,” says Marcus, an Amsterdam-area professional marijuana grower who uses Advanced Nutrients fertilizer and hydroponics gear to grow Cannabis Cup-winning connoisseur weed for some of Holland’s most-prestigious cannabis shops. Marcus explained that low-THC marijuana and hashish sold in Dutch cannabis shops are most often brought in from Morocco, Spain, India, and Northern Africa by dangerous organized crime syndicates. “Imported cannabis products are often weak and full of adulterants. When you have organized crime making all that black market money, you’re not helping Netherlands’ society,” he said. “What the coffeeshops need is fresh, properly-grown, clean, domestic, high-THC marijuana, bubblehash, and extracts. That’s what customers want, and it’s what Dutch growers produce.” If a marijuana shop high-THC ban goes into effect, Marcus says, street dealers will increase retail street sales of higher-grade marijuana. And coffeeshop customers would have to smoke more material to get the same high they’d have gotten smoking a lesser amount of high-THC marijuana. “High-THC marijuana is a harm reduction strategy. The higher the THC percentage, the less you have to smoke, the happier your lungs. The conservative’s opposition to high-THC cannabis is just as ignorant as their weedpass idea,” he complained. So, we see Holland isn’t totally out of danger when it comes to Dutch anti-marijuana federal politicians, even though Ali G is probably happier now… On the other hand, Marcus says the weedpass plan “woke up a sleeping giant.” For perhaps the first time since the early days of street-rebellion cannabis activism in the 1970’s, the Dutch electorate saw wide-scale, effective, organized pro-cannabis campaigning, he explains. Marcus says it was easy to advise Dutch cannabis bloc voters about voting choices: the right-wing conservative parties are against cannabis; the left-wing parties are for it. So vote accordingly. “Only 10-15% of Dutch society goes to cannabis coffeeshops, but the weedpass insanity made them an electoral force that defeated the weedpass,” he said. “People from all over the world can keep coming here to enjoy weed freedom. If the government now tries to ban the best cannabis from shops, expect cannabis political clout to come forward to defeat this latest stupid idea.” Source: Dutch Marijuana Legalization
  15. More people than ever are getting into home growing medical marijuana. The most popular type of hydroponic system, called Ebb & Flow or Flood & Drain (let's call it EF/FD for simplicity's sake), is also our recommendation — it is simple to use, easy to understand, and does an excellent job of delivering both nutrient solution and oxygen to the roots. There are also a wide variety of EF/FD systems to choose from, from pre-fabricated, professional-level systems, to simple, homemade setups that are much more inexpensive and frankly, a better option for brand new growers who are growing just for personal use. For readers who want to get started quickly, we have put together a very clear, step-by-step guide to making a super-simple, yet effective and sturdy EF/FD using household storage containers and a few things that you can pick up at your local big box or home improvement store, aquarium shop, and hydroponic outlet. Or you can pick everything up on the internet, if you'd rather not venture into the great outdoors. Step One: Collect Your Materials For the reservoir and table combo, you will need to purchase two plastic storage containers, preferably opaque because you want to limit the amount of light that penetrates your nutrient solution. Light feeds algae, which you do not want growing in your reservoir. Most manufacturers mold and sell containers in multiple depths but the same width and length, for stacking purposes. Buy the thickest, toughest-looking ones you can find in the size you need, and make sure that you remember to leave room to move around in your grow room. You will also need to purchase a small water pump, like the kind that would be used in a decorative fountain. You don't need a huge pump, just enough to move the water from your reservoir [the bottom of your large storage bin (A)] to your flood tray (. You will also need a piece of plastic tubing to connect to the output from the water pump to the upper section, "flooding" the flood table. The water pump will be plugged into a wall outlet via a timer, which will turn the pump on at set intervals, watering your plants, then draining back into the nutrient reservoir. The draining of the nutrient solution will be explained more thoroughly in the next section. In addition to the water pump, you will also need at least one aerator, like the ones typically used in aquariums, which will not only oxygenate your nutrient solution, which is good for your roots, but will circulate the solution as well. Other items you need: • Electric drill, with assorted bits. This should be the only tool you need. • Electric timer to control your water pump. • Screening to cover the top of the overflow pipe to keep extra particulates, like your growing medium, out of your reservoir. Can be held on using a rubber band. • Growing Medium. I recommend using rockwool cubes to hold your plants, and then Hydroton (terra cotta pebbles which are a staple in hydroponics) to line the bottom of your flood table and fill in the area around the rockwool cubes. Your roots will grow into this area, so make it nice! • Meter* • Plants* • Nutrients* *see our article "The Easiest Way For Colorado Residents To Start Growing Marijuana" for more detailed information about these products. Step Two: Drill, Baby, Drill You now have two plastic bins, that fit together perfectly. What you need now are ways to move water from the reservoir into the flood table and back to the reservoir again. That is where we bring in your water pump and handy dandy drill. Before you do ANY work, do a stress test on your bins to make sure that they can handle the weight of the nutrient solution and plants that they will need to hold. Your Upper Bin (Flood Table) Start by drilling the necessary holes into your upper bin, the one which will become your flood table. In the upper storage container, your flood table, you will drill two holes on opposite ends of the table from one another, but still centrally-located. The first, (A) will be the exact size of the tube that comes from your water pump into the flood table, where it will fill the table with nutrient solution from the reservoir. The second, ( will be the exact size of your overflow pipe, which will be much wider than your first hole. The width of this pipe is totally up to you, but keep in mind that this pipe is also where you will top off your nutrient solution once you have started your grow. How high you allow the overflow pipe to stick up from the bottom of the flood table will determine how deeply your nutrient solution will fill your flood table. Most growers have set their overflow pipes to the same height as or just below their rockwool cubes (or whatever they are using to immediately hold their clones at planting). A third set of small holes © should be drilled into the lowest point of the flood table, which will most likely be dead center. These will look and act somewhat like the drain in your shower, though the holes should be much smaller; I'd recommend no larger than 1/3 to 1/2mm. During the watering cycle, nutrient solution will drip through these holes back into the reservoir, and then recycle back into the flood table via the pump. Once the timer triggers the pump to turn off, the nutrient solution in the flood table will slowly drain back into the reservoir for use in the next cycle. Your Bottom Bin (Reservoir) Next, drill the one hole that you need for your deep, lower bin, which will be your reservoir. This hole needs to be large enough to fit: • The power cord for your water pump, the tube(s) for your aerator(s), and the sensors for your pH/ppm/temperature meter. • Do not make the hole any larger than you need, so as to lower the risk of insects, mildews, etc., getting into your reservoir. Step Three: Put It Together Once you have all your holes drilled, it's time to put the whole thing together, which is a pretty quick process. Overflow Pipe: • You have made a hole the size of this pipe, so just slip it into its spot, keeping in mind the height info that we have been giving you. • You will use this pipe not only as the way to keep your water level regulated and to keep your table from flooding, it will also be easiest way to get water and nutrients into your reservoir. To keep particulates (like bugs, dust, hair, and pieces of growing medium) out of your pipe, simply cover it with a piece of screen (from a hardware store) held over and onto the pipe by a rubber band. When you need to add water and/or nutrients, just take off the screen. Water Pump: • Set up your water pump in the reservoir, however its manufacturer wants it set-up. Some pumps have suction cups to keep themselves in place — use them if you have them. • Attach tube from pump through the hole you drilled and into the flood table. (If you have trouble with either this tube or the overflow pipe staying in place, buy a non-toxic epoxy glue). • Run the power cord through the hole that you drilled through the side of the reservoir, then plug it into your timer, which is plugged into your wall. You use the timer to set up when your plants will water, and for how long. • The frequency and length of time that you water your plants is a debated topic among growers, and it also varies based on how close your plants are to their light source, how humid or dry your environment is, where you are in your grow cycle (flowering marijuana takes way more water than it does while vegetating), among a variety of other factors. Aerator(s): • Choose long, thin aerators for a couple of reasons: firstly, they spread the bubbles out well, adding to a proper mix; secondly, you will need to fit them through that hole that you drilled in the side of your reservoir into the inside. The plug and motor will be outside the bin, so you just need to send the hose and aerator itself through that hole. Get It Together: • Now it's time to put the top section on, nesting the flood table inside of the deep bottom reservoir. • Fill up your reservoir with your nutrient solution, following the instructions on your nutrients for however many liters of liquid your reservoir holds. Most nutrient companies measure using the metric system, so if you pour your water (reverse osmosis, please) into the reservoir in gallons you will need to do a little math to know how much nutrient to add in milliliters. (Good news: there are a ton of free conversion apps for iOS, Android, Blackberry, probably even whatever operating system they use in North Korea.) • Once you have it all settled, you can start filling your flood table with your growing medium of choice. Like I said, my personal preference for this type of system is rockwool cubes surrounded by hydroton pebbles, but one of the great things about hydroponics is our ability to customize — your marijuana will grow in a variety of mediums. Just never hesitate to ask questions and seek information wherever you may find it. Good luck, and happy growing! Due to some technical issue i am unable to put images in this post for better understanding please refer this Build Your Own Cheapest Hydroponic System
  16. Big Buds Magazine's video content partner Remo The Urban Grower hit up Amsterdam for the 25th annual High Times Cannabis Cup last week, and came home with a second-place Best Hydrid medal for Bonguru's Rock Star cannabis. The hybrid combination of Soma's Rock Bud and Paradise Seed's Sensi Star is a favorite among growers looking for a medium-sized plant that is resistant to pests, mold and rot. Remo gets his silver at the 2:15 mark. In this second video, you can see Remo interviewing Curt from Bonguru as he describes how the winning batch of Rock Star was grown in coco coir using Advanced Nutrient's Bigger Yields Flowering System. The bud was given nine weeks to flower, a week longer than the average according to Curt. Finally, we go back to British Columbia, where Remo give us a tour of an amazing 14 x 1000w H.P.S. sealed grow room where Rock Star is flowering into week 6. Check out the heavy-duty professional electric set-up, five ton A/C unit, CO2 burner and construction-quality dehumidifier, all humming away to care for the crop. Source: Medical Marijuana News
  17. As medical marijuana growers, we're dedicated to protecting our plants from the typical bugs, molds and mildews that have been dogging growers forever. But now we're facing a bizarre, potentially catastrophic plant protection problem: our marijuana plants are threatened by biological enemies created by scientists, and so are we. Welcome to the brave new world of “genetically modified organisms,†otherwise known as GMOs... Made in a Lab, Not Tested for Safety in the Real World You & I Live In GMOs are made when scientists splice genes from one organism into another organism. This genetic modification is promoted as a tool for creating new life forms that have industrial, agricultural and medical benefits for humanity. GMO scientists concoct wholly new life forms without fully and fairly assessing how genetic manipulation affects human health and the earth's ecology. They even spliced together genes from jellyfish and cats to create glow in the dark cats. Experiments like that make GMO science seem like a Frankenstein freak show. Besides, making GMOs is a new process, and lots of errors are involved in the genetic manipulation process. When a GMO scientist uses Nature's genetic codes in a for-profit effort to create new life forms in a laboratory, mistakes inevitably happen. Like when a GMO crop kills the bees and other beneficial insects in a farming region that depends on bees so the crops will ripen to maturity. If GMOs become more widespread and powerful, we could end up on an earth where corporate-owned human-made organisms are an unstoppable and dangerous invasive species. A world where corporate GMO materials enter your body without your permission, and then act as silent, molecular level attackers. Environmental scientists warn that GMOS could dismantle life on our planet by disrupting the genetic basis for life we all evolved to share. The American Academy of Environmental Medicine (AAEM) and other medical organizations have explicitly stated that genetically modified (GM) food creates health problems including infertility, immune system deficits, accelerated aging, faulty insulin regulation, and changes in major organs and your gastrointestinal system. GMO defenders claim biotech genetic modification is safe. They also assert that without genetically modified corn, soy and other staple crops, food supplies won’t keep up with demand. One thing is certain: GMOs can wreck the health of your medical marijuana plants… GMOs Target Medical Marijuana Plants Your medical marijuana plants are evolutionarily equipped to deal with naturally-occurring pests and diseases. You protect your plants by supplying hydroponics B-vitamins, potassium silicate, immune boosters, quality nutrients, air filtration, vector control, appropriate grow room environment, and other factors that armor your plants against mites, gray mold, thrips, powdery mildew and other typical attackers. But what happens when your plants face biological enemies created in a GMO lab? Like a corn plant that emits toxins so strong that they cause severe allergic reaction in humans. Why and how would corn produce powerful toxins? It's because biotech scientists implanted corn genetics with a toxin-related gene from another organism. The result: toxic corn. It gets worse...millions of dollars are spent to create GMO Fusarium fungi that kill marijuana. A former employee of an "anti-drug" agency says biotech scientists are trying to genetically modify marijuana to create zero-THC cannabis that genetically “terminates†high-THC varieties. Growers in Hawaii and elsewhere tell spooky stories about helicopters dumping GMO insects on marijuana crops…seemingly indestructible voracious insects that ate the marijuana to the ground virtually overnight. Those GMO insects, and a lot of other scary stuff are real parts of the GMO brave new world. It's like science fiction come true... GMOs: Beneficial Science or Science Fiction Horror? GMO advocates assert that genetic manipulation “improves†plants, microbes and animals to make them more useful for humans. In some cases, the claimed benefits are for real. But the risks are real too... GMO foods such as peas, rice, corn, sugar beets, soy, and potatoes have been linked to a wide range of human health problems. And tens of thousands of farmers worldwide have seen their farms and families ruined by GMO crops that contaminate their non-GMO crops with “terminator genes†that sterilize natural crops so farmers could not plant their next generation of seeds. Terminator genes threaten to wipe out native populations of wild food crops. They also have the potential to sterilize or otherwise genetically devalue marijuana crops, especially those grown outdoors. Widely-used Big Ag materials such as Monsanto "Roundup Ready" GMO crops (and their requisite accompanying herbicide) damage soil, water supplies, beneficial insects, and humans. How bad is Monsanto? Monsanto was just found guilty of ​poisoning​ a French farmer because a Monsanto herbicide was not labeled properly, and that's only the tip of the toxic iceberg when it comes to damage GMO giant Monsanto causes to us and our planet. GMO crops are linked to increased reliance on pesticides and herbicides, and the elimination of natural gene pools that farmers have long relied on. Some GMO crops are engineered so farmers have to use specific brands of pesticides or herbicides. For medical marijuana growers, a GMO world means human-created organisms, molds, fungi, pests, and soil diseases that your plants cannot defend against. How about pollen from genetically-modified marijuana that ruins your seedless marijuana flowers and introduces fatal genes into your plants? Or GMO-induced “superweeds†that outgrow outdoor marijuana, block its sun, suck its water away, and smother the landscape. All of this is probable, not just possible, if we allow GMOs and GMO corporations to continue flooding our world with GMO biotech. Big Ag and Big BioTech Spread GMOs Worldwide We get it that GMOs are genies that shouldn’t have been let out of their bottles, but guess what...when you go to a regular grocery store, 70-80% of the food contains GMOs. Not only that, the GMO industry is in bed with the worst extremes of industrial agriculture and its powerful lobbyists. Together, they have the financial and political power to fight off GMO restrictions and GMO disclosure labeling. In some cases, the industry has successfully prevented manufacturers of non-GMO products from telling consumers that products are GMO free. It's particularly worrisome that children and their moms are especially vulnerable to GMO-caused health problems. Despite clear evidence that GMOs are a bad idea, world trade organizations, multinational corporations and governments covertly collude to force GMOs on countries whose citizens have voted to ban GMOs. Courts rule against organic farmers harmed by GMO corporations. The corporate giants who profit the most from GMOs, including the notorious Monsanto Corporation, play GMO hardball. Monsanto even sues farmers whose fields are contaminated by stray pollen from adjacent Monsanto GMO crops, claiming that the farmers “pirated†Monsanto’s GMO technology without paying for it. Europeans Stopped GMOs & You Can Too I’m sure you’re concerned about GMOs and wondering what to do to roll back their infiltration into your world. We can learn from European citizens’ successful resistance to GMOs. Europeans have been so effective in fighting against GMO crops that companies like BASF (which had been trying to get approval for its GMO potatoes in Europe) have given up on Europe and moved their GMO offices to America, where GMO regulation is much weaker. Citizen opposition to GMOs is increasing in the U.S., where coalitions of medical marijuana growers, organic farmers and health advocates are pushing for anti-GMO regulations in medical marijuana states like California, Colorado, Washington, and Oregon. One way you can individually fight back is by refusing to purchase food products that contain GMOs. You can shop at health stores, where most of the food is labeled as GMO-free. You can also utilize information provided by anti-GMO organizations such as The Center for Food Safetyand the Institute for Responsible Technology. These groups help you identify GMOs in your lifestyle and environment. They also create strength in numbers as we join together to fight the risky business of genetic manipulation. The significant successes of the European anti-GMO movement inspires us to believe we too could achieve similar success that protects us against GMOs in North America. And there's something else you can do to stop GMOs... Medical Marijuana Growers Can Use GMO-Free Hydroponics Nutrients As a medical marijuana grower, you also fight GMOs by buying fertilizers that don’t contain genetically-modified materials. But how do you know which fertilizers are GMO-free? It’s a very important question, because many hydroponics nutrients manufacturers use agricultural crops whole or as extracts in their products. With GMO crops and industrial ag crops pervasive worldwide, it's smart to be concerned that GMOs, pesticides and herbicides might be polluting your hydroponics fertilizer, your water supplies, your soil, and other gardening materials. Hydroponics nutrients manufacturer Advanced Nutrients recently announced the non-GMO status of its entire nutrients line…the first and only hydroponics company to do so. Medical marijuana growers are increasingly concerned that hydroponics nutrients companies may be using GMOs, or materials produced in locations where GMOs are used. Industry experts say some hydroponics nutrients companies are "very likely" to be selling you products containing GMO-tainted materials. "Knowing the harm that GMOs do to the environment and people, we can't afford for sick and dying people to be consuming marijuana grown with GMO fertillizers," says Roger K., a professional grower, medical student and patient advocate. "I am glad to hear that at least one hydroponics company is GMO-free, and I hope that more companies will follow their lead." Original Source:
  18. The outdoor growing season is fading faster than the autumn sun. But just because you've trimmed your final harvest of 2012 doesn't mean you shouldn't already be thinking about 2013. Spring isn't as far away as you think, which is why Big Buds is proud to present the first in a series of weekly episodes of Therapeutic, the new series by master outdoor grower Brown Dirt Warrior. With over 25 years of experience as a licensed medical marijuana grower, Brown Dirt has seen it all. And his series is aimed to help growers of all levels develop the skills it takes to "get crazy root mass, learn the secrets of growing above and below ground growing, tips for growing hard sugary nugs, copious productive bud sites and massive cola structures." In this first segment, Brown Dirt gets philosophical about what it means to grow outdoors. Then he gets practical, teaching you how to identify the best location to plant your outdoor medical marijuana crops. Enjoy part one below, and check back each week for another informative episode. We promise you'll be better educated and inspired to get your crop into the ground come spring thaw. New video series of Brown Dirt Warrior on Outdoor Growing Marijuana.
  19. Marijuana is an incredibly important and often life-changing medication for people who suffer a variety of ailments, from pain, nausea and vomiting, to anxiety, migraines, menstrual cramps, glaucoma, cancer, anorexia, and for just plain relaxation. Marijuana is one of the most versatile medications on the planet, effective without needing to be chemically altered like most plant-derived medications. However, for the sickest patients, smoking marijuana, or even eating cannabis-filled foods, may be difficult or impossible. There are also a number of patients who do not wish to receive the "high" that comes along with consumption of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. Some strains of marijuana contain lower levels of THC and higher levels of the other main "active" ingredient, cannabidiol (CBD), but what if there was a product that contained just the CBD without the THC? Patients who wish to receive relief from the previously-mentioned conditions but do not wish to get "high" may want to pay attention to a new product set to be launched worldwide in early 2013: CanChew™ CBD chewing gum, made entirely from concentrated hemp oil rather than marijuana, and containing enough CBD to provide relief from a variety of symptoms. Chewing gum medication can be especially effective; studies have shown that oral/mucosal delivery is one of the most effective ways to take medication. When you swallow a pill, the medication is absorbed by the intestinal lining, and goes through several bodily "filters" before getting to your brain, where it can effect you. Oral/mucosal delivery of medications bypasses most of these filters, so bioavailability of active ingredients in chewing gum, dissolvable pills, tinctures is much higher than in swallowed pills -- up to 90 percent. While often (wrongly) associated with THC-rich marijuana, hemp is an ecologically-friendly, sustainable, versatile plant which can be used for everything from clothing to food. The oil that hemp produces is an incredibly valuable food/supplement and is considered a "complete protein," containing all 21 of the amino acids, and containing almost as much protein as soy, but without the genetically-modified ingredients. Hemp contains less than 0.3 percent THC, certain strains of hemp can have as much as 15 to 20 percent CBD. While both chemicals both occur naturally in marijuana, with percentages of each depending on the strain and growing method, they have very different properties, and in many ways THC and CBD can actually counteract one another. While some patients find that THC, in high levels, can cause anxiety (though rare), CBD typically shows strong anti-anxiety effects, similar in high concentrations to medications like diazepam, alprazolam, and other benzodiazepines, which are often prescribed for anxiety and panic conditions. In fact, recent scientific studies have shown that CBD can work as an antagonist (meaning that it negates the effects) of THC. CBD can be given in massive doses without any negative side effects, and in those high doses it has been shown to have anti-psychotic effects and can actually shrink tumors. Paying attention, yet? According to the American Hemp Association, "CBD shows no psychotropic effects, but some clinically-relevant effects have been found. Among them are anticonvulsant effects in epileptics [those with chronic seizures] and anti-dystonic effects in movement disorder patients [like those with Parkinson's Disease]. Some properties resemble those of THC (e.g. some effects on the immune system), while other properties differ from THC." Knowing the positive effects of CBD has inspired companies like San Diego-based Medical Marijuana Inc., which has contracted with two of its portfolio companies, PhytoSPHERE Systems and Red Dice Holdings, to produce and market the CanChew CBD chewing gum. PhytoSPHERE is using its pharmaceutical-grade hemp production facilities and European microclimate hemp farms to produce two thousand kilograms of high-quality hemp oil for production of super-concentrated CBD to create the CanChew gum. CanChew will be marketed by Red Dice Holdings, who will distribute the product, along with their other hemp oil products, throughout retail locations in California, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico, then branching out to other locations worldwide. It will also be available online. By using hemp oil rather than marijuana, CanChew gum also avoids the legal challenges that would accompany a THC/marijuana gum, which would still be Federally illegal, despite the state laws which have legalized medicinal and/or recreational marijuana use. For patients looking for relief from the many symptoms that are alleviated by CBD, this gum may be an amazing new product, and certainly is a more convenient and socially acceptable method of medicating. However, for those patients who enjoy those "extra" effects brought on by the THC in medical (and, where legal, recreational) marijuana, CanChew will not replace our mind-expanding green buds. Either way, the fact that companies are looking to cannabis as a viable medication is certainly a move in the right direction. Source:
  20. With the landmark passing of Proposition 64 in Colorado, which legalizes the possession and cultivation of small amounts of marijuana for recreational use for adults over 21, more citizens that ever might want to consider their hand at trying to grow the green stuff. We thought that now would be a great time to cover quick ways to get your own grow started today, and it isn't as expensive as you may think. Grow rooms are easy to construct, can be tucked into almost any closet or extra bedroom, and growing yourself can save a lot of green — not to mention that sweet feeling you get when you first light up your own crop. Building Your Own Grow Room While it may seem daunting, building your own grow room can be cheap and effective, and allows you to customize many aspects of your grow. 
 Step One: Start With Your Structure If you have a whole room or large closet to dedicate to growing, begin by lining the walls and floor with a reflective, waterproof material, and planning where you will vent the heat and humid air from the room, perhaps out a window. Reflective material can be purchased from hydro stores or home improvement stores quite cheaply. Because Colorado's new law allows for three mature (i.e. flowering) plants and three immature plants, if you can, separate your growing space into two light-tight rooms you can create a perpetual harvest cycle, flowering on one side and vegetating on the other, so that you consistently have fresh marijuana to harvest and enjoy. While setting up the room, make sure you have a way to hang grow lights and exhaust fans from your ceiling. Look for wood beams and attach heavy-duty hooks to those. The last thing you want is for a heavy light or exhaust fan to come crashing down onto your poor little plants. 
You will also want to create a shelf (perhaps from a piece of surplus wood), somewhere up off of the ground for all of your electrical equipment to sit safely out of harm's way. Step Two: Pick Your Lights Lighting is one of the most important factors in determining how well your plants will grow, and how your buds will turn out during the flowering phase. You want adequate, but not excessive, wattage for your size room, and to pick the correct type of bulb for your needs. You will also need a ballast to convert your residential electrical current into one that works with high-powered hydroponic lighting. The most popular light bulbs used in growing marijuana (and other hydroponic plants) are metal halide (MH) for the vegetative state and high-pressure sodium (HPS) for flowering. The MH bulb mimics the bright summer sun, while the reddish-orange tone of the HPS is more reminiscent of the light during the fall harvest season. Try to find light hoods and ballasts that work with both types of bulbs; it will save time, money, and hassle. Some growers have had success with LEDs as well, but while LED lights give off far less heat and use far less energy, most growers are still unimpressed with marijuana plants grown using LEDs. However, if your budget is very tight, LED may be a good choice. As for wattage, a good rule of thumb is to supply 40-50 watts of light per square foot of growing space. So, if your hypothetical room is 5 ft. x 5 ft. you have 25 square feet and would need one 1000 watt lamp, or two 600 watt lamps. Your plants need plenty of light, but after a point you are just wasting cash and energy. No one wants that. Step Three: Set Up Your Ventilation Not only do those hot grow lights need to be ventilated, your entire growing space needs to have air constantly circulating to keep temperatures and humidity regulated, in order to avoid mold or mildew development. Those are crop killers! As far as venting the hot air, many will use windows or attic exhaust fans, but I have also seen growers attach grow room ducting to the central air or heating ducts in their home, which is a great way to allow the heat to disperse. In the winter, the hot air will help to keep your home warm. A properly-ventilated grow room will have at least one exhaust fan to pull cool air through the light hood(s) and another one near the ceiling (heat rises) to blow the hot, humid air out of the garden. You also need to include oscillating fans to move air across the canopy — the most sensitive area to heat damage, and where your best buds will grow. 
 Step Four: Choose Your Hydroponic System For optimum versatility, I recommend using an ebb and flow system with individual pots. Systems like this use a "brain bucket" to control water flow between the pots and the reservoir, and these brain buckets can often accommodate up to 42 potted plants (though don't try to grow that many marijuana plants anywhere in the U.S.), allowing growers who start small to quickly expand their garden without buying a whole new system. Also, if one or two plants start to look ill, they can easily be separated from the rest, avoiding a complete wipeout of your crop. Systems like this can be bought intact, or can be made yourself with some buckets, tubes, a pump, and some know-how. Keep an eye on this site for an upcoming step-by-step on how to build your own system. Along with your hydroponic system, you will also need a reservoir to hold your nutrient solution. To select the right size, I recommend at least two gallons of nutrient solution per plant. So, someone growing six plants would want a reservoir that holds at least 12 gallons. The water that you mix with your nutrients should be pristine -- reverse osmosis is always a safe option. What Else Does A New Growers Need? Marijuana Nutrients Nutrients will likely by one of the most expensive parts of the grow, but believe me when I say that you get what you pay for. Like the food we eat, plant nutrients allow the plant to build strong, hearty stalks and stems, and grow thicker, heavier and better tasting buds. For brand new growers, I recommend Advanced Nutrients' pH Perfect® Sensi Grow Two-part system for the vegetative state, and pH Perfect® Sensi Bloom Two-part for flowering. These nutrients are made for your plants, and have most of the essential ingredients for growth right there in that bottle. I also suggest considering, Advanced Nutrients' Hobbyist bundle, which comes with a great selection of basic yield boosters for the beginning grower. Once you feel comfortable in your abilities (and have a little more cash to spend), consider branching out into AN's other lines, which vary from Hobbyist to Grand Master grower. These nutrients are all available in AN's new pH-Perfect line, which essentially eliminates the need to use a buffer solution, like pH up or down, to regulate the pH of your reservoir. Hydronic Meters Knowing what is going on in your grow room is incredibly important, and meters are the best way to keep on top of things. You will need a meter to measure the temperature, pH, and ppm (parts per million which, in this case, measures nutrient level) of the nutrient solution in your reservoir, and a meter to tell you the temperature and humidity of your grow room. Clones or Seeds And now, for the star of the show! For beginners, I recommend starting with plants that are already partially grown and have some sort of root development. Starting from seeds can allow a lot more customization, but requires more knowledge and work. Clones, which are cuttings from a mother plant, are a much simpler way to begin. Clone prices vary based on the strain, the seller, and how old they are. Brand new clippings will be less expensive, while larger, more developed plants (commonly called "teens") will be more expensive, but will be heartier and require less time in the vegetative state. Make sure you examine your clones thoroughly for any sign of pests or mildew, which will quickly kill your plants if not handled immediately. As far as picking strains, it can sometimes be a crapshoot, but make sure that you do your research on the strain, its potency level, and whether it is an Indica (typically a thick, heavy plant with a thick, heavy body high -- excellent for people with chronic pain) or Sativa (a thinner-leaved plant which causes more of a head high -- this is the one you want for an evening of contemplating the meaning of life.) There are also plenty of hybrid Indica/Sativa mixtures, which can give you the best of both worlds. Knowledge No single article will take the place of truly diving into the industry. Visit your local hydroponics store for expert advice and to get hands-on with products. Then, read everything you can in hydroponic magazines and on websites (like this one) and check out videos and forums online as well. The Internet is a treasure trove of great help. There are also a wide variety of books available about growing hydroponic plants, many specifically catered to marijuana cultivation. There are a multitude of tricks and techniques that growers have discovered to maximize harvests and save money in the process.
Good luck, and happy growing! Source:
  21. You're just settling in after a long day, ready to watch some Breaking Bad and light up a nice bowl. You sink deep into your couch and take that first hit and feel the familiar nirvana that you've been looking forward to. You deserve this. But wait, there is something odd about the taste of your chosen herb. Something is wrong. It's like the grower not only did not flush their nutrients, but perhaps added something that they should not have. The realization sinks in: There is pesticide in my medication. I am smoking pesticide! The Dangerous Chemical In Your MMJ These days, a pesticide called Paclobutrazol (Paclo) is slowly spreading in popularity among the MMJ community because of its ability to make growers much more money. The one problem? It has been shown to cause cancer and liver damage in rats. Here is how it works, and why we cannot allow our fellow growers to use it. Paclo is a chemical plant fertilizer (referred to by many government agencies as a pesticide) that slows vegetative growth by inhibiting the synthesis of gibberelin, the growth hormone that determines height and width of a plant, as well as when it should flower or fruit. Control the gibberelin, control the world. (That was in a movie somewhere, wasn't it?) By shortening the vegetative cycle, not only are the growth cycles faster, there is more reserve energy to spend on flowering, creating bushier plants with higher yields. Except that these yields come with a price—health and safety. In fact, it is illegal to use paclo on ingestible fruits, flowers, or vegetables. THE GOVERNMENT KNOWS THE DANGERS OF PACLO In the U.S., the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has only approved paclo for use on grass, shrubs, potted plants, and other non-consumable goods that are far away from children and pets who may be playing on them. It is commonly used on golf courses because of its innate ability to keep down the growth and require less mowing. The US Department of Energy released a memo to its employees about the dangers of and proper ways to handle paclo, which included a strong emphasis on not inhaling the paclo, as well as keeping it contained away from irrigation canals and waterways. According to the report, "The product has a high potential to leech into surface and ground water." They also go on to note that paclobutrazol is highly flammable (maybe not the best chemical to use in something that people smoke) and harmful if swallowed or absorbed by the skin. Outdoor-grown product, while often top-notch, can also be some chemical-laden toxic bud that you don’t even want to touch, let alone consume. I am especially concerned about the unscrupulous growers that have been popping up in our forests. With paclo's high potential to leech into the water supply, suddenly that mountain spring water I buy seems less appealing. IS THERE PACLO IN YOUR NUTRIENTS? Even well-meaning growers might be inadvertently adding paclo to their crop and surrounding environment. Several nutrient products, including Bushmaster, Gravity, Flower Dragon, and Phosphoload have all been tested by the CA Dept. of Food & Agriculture and shown to contain paclo. To be assured that paclo is not getting into your marijuana, consider Advanced Nutrient's line of products, all of which have been tested and proven to be 100% paclo-free. My motto has always been "know your grow, or grow your own." You should know and trust your caregiver, or the reputation of your local dispensary. Ask them questions about their product, and know exactly what you are smoking on. And if you can, grow your own. You'll never taste anything as sweet as the first hit of your first crop. Growing is fun, informative, and not nearly as daunting as newbies think, especially with all of the great resources available online. And don't forget, when we mess with mother nature too much, there are always consequences. Pumping your plants full of chemicals that cannot be flushed before harvest. If it seems like a bad idea, it probably is. Source:
  22. It was just another beautiful weekend in Los Angeles when the patients, potrepreneurs and pot-heads arrived at the LA Center Studios for the Kush Expo. The doors opened at 12 and it appears as if “stoner time” may be a thing of the past because there was already a line of people waiting and the vendors and activists were ready to go. While standing in line I made friends with a couple guys from Magic Medibles, they gave me a Mighty Wax Donut donut…. And away I went! If you would have asked me 10 years ago where I thought the cannabis industry would be and where activists would be holding its events today, I never would have said it would be in an outdoor event center across the freeway from the U.S. District Court. But in this day and age, unless I was dreaming, it sure is! The progress of the cannabis industry is truly embodied at events like this. As you walk in you are greeted by activists, models and spectators in front of rows of “kush” related booths, a train of food trucks, and the 420 medicating area fenced-in on a street corner and a cannabis doctor onsite. We all gather here celebrate the miracle that is the cannabis plant, and the freedom we have has patients under Prop 215 and SB 420. It's A Marijuana Family Affair As I stroll down the rows of booths I am greeted with familiar faces that are cornerstones and characters of the movement, like Richard Eastman of the LA JEMM. You might recognize him from every city council meeting in LA or Long Beach pertaining to Medical Marijuana. And wait, did I mention he is currently running for City Council of Hollywood? Go Vote! Then there is Henry Hemp, who reminds me that we are often in the presence of the same people and energy over and over, we just don’t notice because they don’t all have a huge weed leaf on their head. Kind of makes me want to be a bit more colorful with my attire. Henry has a couple comic books for sale about the future where hemp saves the world. I ran into B-Real for a second at the BREAL.TV booth that was bumpin good tune, as expected. Its always nice to see him and his team, he is so friendly and such a good activist for the cannabis community. And of course, The Kottonmouth Kings were there to present the award for the Ms. Kush 2012. Something For The Cannabis Growers (and Collectives) I am pleased to say the nutrient and fertilizer market is finally starting to open up a bit more to the canna-world. A few years ago some companies were treated like lepers when they were open to being MMJ specific or to work well with cannabis. But today, with all of the progress, companies like Blue Sage Microbes, Hydro Sol & Doggett Simpson (I picked up a sample of D&S and will be reviewing its effectiveness in a later article) or Plantastic (a natural hormone that guarantees you all female plants) are able to set up a booth and let the cannabis world know this stuff’s for you! And if you grow indoors, Method Seven makes a few styles of glasses that will save your eyes from the damage that is cause by extended exposure to grow lights. A pretty neat idea considering I’ve apparently hurting my eyes by using shades not specific for the indoor light color spectrum and intensity, thus burning my retina. Ouch! If you’re a managing member of a collective, working for a collective or interested in the collective industry, there was plenty for you. Med Men was there to be your consultant and guide to the cannabis industry in California and Arizona. This group aims to help collectives develop their corporation, establish their location and procure or grow their medicines, putting a new business owner on the right path. There is a new patient tracking software on the market now called RX-PASS. This allows you to check your patients in using simply a QR code. I couldn’t decide if this was cool and would make me feel VIP or if I would feel like just a number? Either way it was efficient. I made friends with some people from the Med+ainer booth. At first I thought, just another bottle company. But no! This bottle is waterproof & has a built in grinder. Some even glow in the dark. The only thing it didn’t do was roll it up for me! There was a variety of edibles, infusions and oils here as well. The always delicious and potent Bhang Chocolate bar had a nice little lounge area where I partook in lounging for a bit, then I learned about the medicated coffee, hot sauce and pain creams offered by Cali Fresh… All the non-medicated samples made me increasingly in need of my very own safety meeting. Imagine them medicated! Victory For Vape-Pens As the day was winding down, I found solace in the 420 medicating area where it seemed like there was a vape-pen off! I grabbed a sample of the CO2 oil from the Med-West booth and dove right in. Vaporizer pens are without a doubt the latest and the greatest evolution in cannabis contraptions. G-Pen was there with their new glass tank that simulates the act of taking a dab, which is pretty epic. A new company called Hydro-Strike launched their line of vape-pens, some for cigarette replacement, others a bit more open to suggestion with discrete smoke tanks and a new proprietary heating element. Another new concentrate pen that just hit the market is called the Cloud, which is much smaller than the rest of the pens currently available on the market and it comes in different colors (I got a pink one). After I watched the awards ceremony for the Kush Cup I noticed a man sleeping in one of the fold up chairs and realized that it was time for my very own safety-nap. This event comes HIGHLY recommended by Big Buds & Harvest Honey! Until next time. . .Stay glassy-eyed, smokers. Source:
  23. It is a well-established fact that alcohol increases accident risk because it impairs the perception, coordination, and judgment necessary for the safe operation of a motor vehicle on road. In driving simulator test, marijuana intoxication has been shown to mildly harm psychomotor skills but this impairment does not appear to be severe or long lasting. However in California, marijuana laws related to DUI (Driving under influence) makes it illegal to drive a motor vehicle under the influence of marijuana. Driving back from Harborside Health Center in the days before the famed medical marijuana dispensary was blasted onto Discovery Channel, I struggled to keep my car on the road. I was way too high, and should never have gotten behind the wheel. But whenever I admit to myself that marijuana can have side effects, to say so sounds like I am agreeing with the drug warriors who’ve long exaggerated marijuana’s potential “harms.†All excuses aside, I was too stoned to be operating a ton of pollution-generating machinery. In the previous few hours, I’d smoked Trainwreck, Blue Dream, three kinds of Kush, some Honey Wax, and eaten part of a medible. It was that darnned medible that put the icing on the THC, I said to myself as I laughed insanely at the sheer "genius" of my wit. It didn’t help that I was listening to ex-Genesis guitarist Steve Hackett on my surround sound audio system. Steve is the most heartfelt, lyrically-sensitive, mind-bending guitarist-songwriter working today. His textured, haunting music and lyrics lead your mind off into outer and inner space...but that's not a place you can afford to be when you're driving Interstate 80 near Berkeley during rush hour. At least I had the good sense to drive slowly, and in the right-hand lane. I kept slapping my face and head while yelling, “Stay alert, stay focused, get past this traffic jam, then get your ass off the road, you stupid stoner.†Kept repeating that warning, welcoming the semi-sobering surge of self-loathing adrenalin that cleared my head a little. When finally I’d gotten past the Bay Area's industrialized traffic-jammed nightmare and could turn north towards Humboldt, I saw a dirt road leading off into gold-burnished hills, rattled over a cattle guard, turned off the car, climbed onto the roof with a bottle of water, put on Steve’s Beyond the Shrouded Horizon (a brilliant album that sounds like Beethoven mixed with Jimi Hendrix mixed with early Peter Gabriel Genesis), and drifted off into a dreamy marijuana haze. I made it home 16 hours later, and was reminded of that too-stoned journey recently when I heard legislators in various medical marijuana states are determined to pass laws regulating driving under the influence of marijuana. Why do they want to do that? Here’s an example of marijuana-driving hysteria from a report in mainstream propaganda media: “Marijuana causes dizziness, slowed reaction time and drivers are more likely to drift and swerve while they're high. Dr. Bob DuPont, president of the Institute for Behavior and Health, a non-government institute that works to reduce drug abuse, says research proves "the terrible carnage out there on the roads caused by marijuana." One recent review of several studies of pot smoking and car accidents suggested that driving after smoking marijuana might almost double the risk of being in a serious or fatal crash. And a recent nationwide census of fatal traffic accidents showed that while deadly crashes have declined in recent years, the percentage of mortally wounded drivers who later tested positive for drugs rose 18 percent between 2005 and 2011. DuPont, drug czar for Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford, wrote a paper last year on drugged driving for the Obama administration, which has made the issue a priority.†Oh, take a chill pill already, DuPont. Yes, this DuPont is from the same bloodline of DuPont quislings whose family corporation was partly responsible for hemp and marijuana being outlawed in 1937. They wanted hemp outlawed because its industrial uses competed with DuPont nylon and other petroleum-based products. As always it is with arbitrary-minded government folk, they go for simplistic, draconian "solutions." They're proposing a maximum blood plasma level for THC, as if X percent of cannabinoids equals X percent of driving impairment. It's the THC equivalent of the blood alcohol approach. But medical marijuana, and its users, are far more sophisticated than alcohol and its fans. The legislators don't understand the nuances, but the rest of us get it that if you drink past a certain point, you're going to go comatose or worse. Not so for marijuana, which has a completely different set of physiological effects on your body. And anti-marijuana politicians don’t understand is that everybody’s head responds differently to marijuana. Some people drive better when they’re stoned. They're more cautious, less prone to road rage. Some people smoke huge amounts of the most potent cannabis, but you can’t even tell they’re high. Other people smoke only a couple of grams and start sounding like they’re auditioning for a Cheech and Chong movie. We all know that whenever politicians get involved in medical morality they tend to make a hash of things, and I’m not talking about bubblehash, either. We all know that medical marijuana users should drive safely, whether we have THC in our body or not. I learned my lesson during that crazy drive from Harborside. I'll never make that mistake again. If politicians really want to help make the roads safer, all they have to do is encourage police to enforce laws against going too fast, bumpering, speeding, running red lights, unsafe lane changes, failure to use turn signals, broken headlights, flipping birds, running into pedestrians and bicylists…in other words, laws against dangerous driving behavior, ​not against THC in my body. Don’t go adding insult to blood tests by making a law saying if I have a certain amount of THC in my blood that it means I am automatically “impaired," so they can add a marijuana DUI to my legal woes. Because I have been around people who never get impaired no matter how much THC they ingest, and people who drive like maniacs even though they’ve never ingested THC! And you notice that the anti-marijuana politicians aren't pushing for maximum blood levels for other drugs that more automatically diminish driving capacity than marijuana ever could. Valium, Vicodin, Percocet, Soma...where are the specific DUI codes and blood level legal triggers for those drugs that so easily make it hard to properly operate a motor vehicle? Let's just enforce the laws against bad driving behaviors, and leave it at that. Now let me get back to worrying about whether they'll try to ban Steve Hackett from car audio systems. Daniel Dharma has a master's degree that combines religious studies, neuropsychology and counseling. He's spent years examining the inner terrain of medical marijuana use, culture and gardening. Source:
  24. I live in Michigan, love the idea of the show. I'm a Licensend Caregiver, grower.
  25. Ingredients: 4 tablespoons cannabis butter or oil 1 1/3 cups flour 2 teaspoons baking powder 1/4 teaspoon baking soda 3/4 cup unsweetened cocoa powder 1/4 teaspoon salt 1 1/2 cups sugar 2 large eggs 1 cup milk 1/2 teaspoon vanilla Directions: Preheat oven to 350° F. Grease muffin pan or add paper muffin liners. Recipe makes 12-16 cupcakes. In a large bowl combine the flour, baking powder, baking soda, cocoa powder and salt. Set dry mixture aside. In another large bowl cream together the cannabis butter or oil and the sugar. Add the eggs, one at a time, beating the mixture until well combined. Stir in the vanilla. Add the dry mixture and the milk alternately. Beat well until mixture has a uniform consistency. Pour mixture into muffin cups filling each one 3/4 full. Bake at 350°F for 15-18 minutes or until a toothpick inserted comes out clean. Allow to cool for 10-15 minutes then add your favorite frosting. Source: Chocolate Cannabis Cupcakes

About us

Strain Hunters is a series of documentaries aimed at informing the general public about the quest for the preservation of the cannabis plant in the form of particularly vulnerable landraces originating in the poorest areas of the planet.

Cannabis, one of the most ancient plants known to man, used in every civilisation all over the world for medicinal and recreational purposes, is facing a very real threat of extinction. One day these plants could be helpful in developing better medications for the sick and the suffering. We feel it is our duty to preserve as many cannabis landraces in our genetic database, and by breeding them into other well-studied medicinal strains for the sole purpose of scientific research.

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